Social Movements and the Production of Counter Hegemonic Spaces Introduction

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While the term Global Governance is dominating the mainstream debate, radical resistances around reached a significance they might not have had since 1968. Yet, 40 years after, they have changed: Less believing in a Great Revolution than in the 1970´s, less focusing on just a single topic than within the New Social Movements of the 1980´s, and unlike the believe in win-win situations meanwhile the NGOisation of the 1990´s, many resistances of today understand themselves as already existing forms of counter-hegemonic/ counter-discursive spaces. These can be temporary ones like Social Forums, ´Caracoles´ (centers of self-government in the Jungle of Chiapas), or a whole state as in the case of Venezuela. Yet, these spaces are not independent from hegemonic discourses, neither outwards nor inwards, and they do aim to change hegemonic structures within the outer society. The seminar will be dealing with a set of different approaches, to understand limits and possibilities of such spaces and other forms of resistances: the theory of hegemony by Antonio Gramsci and its further developments by poststructuralist authors like Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe as well as Michel Foucault´s understanding of gouvernementality and Henri Lefebvres social production of space.

Ulrich Brand (2005): ´Order and Regulation: Global Governance as a Hegemonic Discourse of International Politics?´, in: Review of International Political Economy, 12:1, 155-176. Sullivan, Sian (2005): ´Another World is possible? On Representations, Rationalism and Romanticism in Social Forums´, in: ephemera. theory & politics in organization, Bd. 5, Heft 2, S. 370-392; (A reader with literature will be provided.) Bemerkungsessions: 17.10. from 11.30-13.00, Fridays from 11 to 16, 21.11.; 19.12; 16.1; 6.2. (blocks 11-16), R.3308, NP 1) FB 05 Gesellschaftswissenschaften Uni Kassel WS 2008/2009 Global Political Economy Habermann Friederike